Lake Champlain,

                   the pride of New York and Vermont

Presented by Adirondack Country Homes Realty Inc.

 

6th  Lake Champlain is the 6th largest fresh water body in the USA with 600 miles of shoreline, 120 miles long and more than 70 islands.   The Champ contains 6.8 trillion gallons of water!   One of its interesting geological facts is that the lake has the oldest fossil coral reef in the world!   Yes, that’s right, coral.  Five Hundred million (500,000,000,000) years ago, this area was a shallow tropical sea.   At the Isle La Motte you can find the fossilized coral reef, call “Chazy Reef”.  We have several samples at the main office for viewing in our mineral displays.

The lake is classified into four zones:  littoral (where sunlight penetrates the bottom allowing submerge vegetation to grow;  limnetic zone (where sunlight can penetrate but not to the bottom and where algae dominate the food chain); profundal zone (beneath the sunlight); and benthic zone (sediment layer which is home to many organisms which find their substance from food that sinks to the bottom).

Today, the lake is home to over 250 species of fowl,  70 species of fish with popular game species including panfish, small mouth and largemouth bass, northern pike, lake trout and Atlantic salmon.  Lake Champlain has world class trout fishing tournaments.   Outdoor Life named Lake Champlain Bass Fishing Capital of America!

New York has designated the Champlain Region as one of their scenic byways.   Each of byways represents a different theme:  scenic, natural, recreational, cultural, historical or archaeological.   New York state boasts two National Scenic Byways  and one passes through the Adirondacks and holds the nation's highest designation.  We’ve provided a write up for the Champlain Lakes to Lock Passage (click here), for your enjoyment and hopefully to be included in your travel plans

While there is much to explore today,  perhaps a little study of the yester years might be of interest as you venture our Lake Champlain.   The French explorer Samuel de Champlain encountered this lake in 1609.  It was renamed after his name sake.   Prior to Samuels arrival, the two conflicting stories are the Native American Iroquois named the Ganiaderi  Guarunte (meaning mouth or door o the country), or the Algonquian Abenaki name of Petonbowk (meaning the lake in between).   

In the colonial times, Lake Champlain provided easy traversed water ways.  Forts at Ticonderoga and Crown Point controlled the passage during these times. 

The War of 1812, known as the “Battle of Plattsburgh” fought on 9/11/1814 ended the final British invasion.  Following the war, the US Army began construction on “Fort Blunder”.  So named for the surveying error of .75 miles into the Canadian border.  Opps!  After the signing of the Webster-Ashburton Treaty in 1842, the boundaries were adjusted and the fort continued its construction.  Portions of this fort (Fort Montgomery) still stands and is currently for sale.

In the early 19th century, the construction of the Champlain Canal connected Lake Champlain to the Hudson River System for commerce.   In 1929, NY’s Governor Franklin Roosevelt and VT’s Governor John Weeks dedicated the first bridge to span the lake from Crown Point to Chimney Point.   This bridge later replaced on November 6, 2011 with grand ceremonies.

 

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