* From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was a work relief program for young men from unemployed families, established on March 19, 1933 by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. As part of Roosevelt's New Deal legislation, it was designed to combat poverty and unemployment caused by the Great Depression. The CCC became one of the most popular New Deal programs among the general public and operated in every U.S. state and several territories. The young men went to camps of about 200 men each for six month "periods" where they were paid to do outdoor construction work. The separate Indian Division was a major relief force for Native American reservations during the Depression.
Although initially popular, the CCC lost importance after the Depression. Initial opposition to the program was primarily from organized labor, but as unemployment fell, so did support for the CCC. After the attack on Pearl Harbor by Japan in 1941, national attention shifted away from domestic issues in favor of the war effort. Rather than formally disbanding the CCC, the 77th United States Congress ceased funding it, causing it to end operations.
**The 4-H Youth Development Program of Cooperative Extension connects young people to the resources of land-grant universities, like Cornell University, in ways that promote positive youth development, enhance science and technology literacy, develop life skills, and involve young people in their communities. The emphasis on the four H’s – head, heart, hands, and health – is articulated through opportunities that youth have in
4-H to develop independence, and to experience belonging, generosity, and mastery. On February 12, 1945, at the Army Depot in Scotia, New York, the buildings and facilities of the 1934 Speculator CCC site were turned over to a 4-H Camp committee representing Fulton, Herkimer, Montgomery, Oneida and Warren Counties to implement youth leadership programs. For 59 summers, 4-H Camp Sacandaga provided a safe residential community in an Adirondack setting where all young people participated in personal growth experiences that emphasized life skill development, positive social interactions, environmental stewardship, independence, and team building. Currently there are nine 4-H Camps throughout New York State that continue to meet the needs of today’s youth and fulfill the mission of Cooperative Extension.